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MSc thesis presentation by Ivo Lammertink: Role of NGOs in ex-post accountability - the Paris Agreement

Published on
January 9, 2017

You are all cordially invited to the colloquium where PAP student, Ivo Lammertink, will present and defend his Master thesis entitled
“Role of NGOs in ex-post accountability: The Paris Agreement”.

Supervisor: Sylvia Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen
Second reader: Tamara Metze

Date: 9 January 2017
Time: 11-12:00 hours
Location: room C71, Leeuwenborch, Hollandseweg 1, Wageningen

ABSTRACT
The aim of this research project is to examine the actions and opportunities for NGOs to hold actors accountable for the Paris Agreement. This is an important agreement accomplished in the

Conference of the Parties 21 (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This will be explored by using a theory of ex-post accountability. From the theory of ex-post accountability topics like the role, strategies, standards, barriers and effects were derived and have been analyzed. The empirical research consisted of using document analyses, interviews, and virtual observation. The end result is an overview of the formal and informal roles that NGOs can play or envision to play in holding actors accountable for the Paris agreement with the corresponding strategies, barriers, and envisioned effectiveness. The literature highlights the importance of NGOs enagaging in ex-post accountability, because global governance often lacks public accountability and NGOs can strengthen this via their roles and strategies. An important insight is that formal roles within the Paris agreement are currently limited for NGOs, but opportunities exist around some modalities and procedures that still need to be developed. NGOs stressed to be both interested in formal and informal roles, since they believed they can both be effective. However, the barriers that are discussed restrict individual NGOs to focus on different roles and strategies. This highlights the importance of cooperation among NGOs to strenghten the impact on the Paris Agreement. This is both necessary on global and domestic level. The envisioned effect of NGOs is to strengthen public accountability of the Paris agreement, when a variety of formal and informal roles are well established. The results hold relevance for policy makers, NGOs and scholars, because it identifies opportunities for NGOs to strengthen compliance of the Paris agreement and the barriers that are faced by this. In addition, it enables to understand a gap in the literature, which are the opportunities for NGOs to strengthen ex-post accountability in the Paris agreement.