The core research theme of Systems Biology and Ecology (SB&E) is the development of mathematical models to describe the dynamical behaviour of biological systems, as well as the development of methodologies for network topology reconstruction. The networks presently studied are gene networks, metabolic networks, population networks, and ecological networks such as food webs in the soil.
A key notion within SB&E is that biological systems are described by ‘networks’ of components (like genes, enzymes, cells, and even species or agents). Different types of mathematical models, methodologies, and software programs are developed and applied to describe these networks and analyse their properties. This includes models of differential equations and agent-based models.