Information needs and integration into state, value chain and market-based governance arrangements

Information is increasingly important as an input source for state and market management and governance of tuna, but also as a new (informational) governance strategy on its own (Mol, 2006, 2008).

But then information needs to fulfill requirements of availability, quality, accessibility, transparency, adequateness, and understandability.

Fisheries monitoring systems

Large differences exist in the quality of fisheries monitoring systems between the countries in the Western and Central Pacific Region. Furthermore, the quantity, quality and transparency of data, data collection and subsequent provision to all levels and actors of management, including the WCPFC, is questionable.

Different information systems

Problems are associated both with the transaction costs for monitoring in a highly dispersed multispecies fishery as well as in the capacity of data processing to information to decision makers. Private actors create their own information systems to adhere to specific requirements of enforcement, management, certification and/or traceability. Often, these different information systems do not match with the requirements posed upon them in terms of contributing to information-based governance models.