The Asian Platform for Global Sustainability & Transcultural Studies (AGST) was established with the goal of equipping globally minded researchers and students with the capacity to contribute to sustainable development in Asia and throughout the world. It forms part of the social sciences and humanities under the banner “Japan Gateway: Kyoto University Top Global Program” (JGP) and involves the three Graduate Schools: Economics (GSE), Letters (GSL) and Agriculture (GSA: Division of Natural Resource Economics). Our Working Paper Series (AGST-WPS) currently disseminates research relevant to Environmental Policy & Rural Development Studies (AGST Module 1), Business History & Industry Policy Studies (AGST Module 2) and Asian & Transcultural Studies (AGST Module 6), but will expand into other areas (Developing & Emerging Economies Studies; International Trade & Financial Studies; Business Management & Accounting Studies) on the basis of future international partnerships. The series provides a conceptual and empirical foundation for the ongoing research projects at Kyoto University and our partner universities. The Working Papers track the progress of our research and are meant to stimulate discussion and contribute to the advancement of a multidisciplinary perspective on Global Sustainability and Transcultural Studies. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in the AGST’s WPS are entirely those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the AGST, Kyoto University and/or our partners.