PhD defence

The battle between pepper and aphid: genetics and mechanism of host plant resitance

PhD candidate ms. M (Mengjing) Sun
Promotor prof.dr. RGF (Richard) Visser
Co-promotor dr. BJ (Ben) Vosman
dr.ir. RE (Roeland) Voorrips
Organisation Wageningen University, Laboratory of Plant Breeding
Date

Tue 19 November 2019 11:00 to 12:30

Venue Auditorium, building number 362
Generaal Foulkesweg 1
362
6703 BG Wageningen
0317-483592

Summary

Aphids are the one of the most serious pest insects in crops around the world. They penetrate the plant tissue with their stylets and feed from the phloem vessels. Their infestation causes economic losses by negatively affecting crop growth, development and quality of the harvested product, as well as by transmitting viruses. To control aphid population growth in crops, using aphid resistant varieties may be a sustainable and environmentally friendly strategy. The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae, is an economically important pest of cultivated pepper plants (Capsicum). Unfortunately, there is no pepper variety resistant against M. persicae and no sources of aphid resistance have been used in pepper breeding so far. The aim of this PhD-thesis was to obtain more knowledge about aphid resistance in pepper and the pepper-aphid interaction, including identification of new sources of resistance against M. persicae, elucidation of resistance mechanisms, identification of Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) functioning in aphid resistance and exploration of the virulence mechanism of M. persicae on pepper.