Goal of the trajectory
- To understand place-based (tourism) experiences, and how they relate to different practices such as cultural heritage, food and customs;
- To critically analyse relationships between people and places and the construction of meaning in these relationships
Understanding experiences is problematic as the typical tourist might not exist and a diversity of tourists calls for a detailed understanding. For example, some people are interested in dark tourism (e.g. visiting former camps, battle sites, prisons). Also, boundaries between tourism and other social practices often dissolve, e.g. in volunteering tourism or scientific fieldwork. Destination choice changes over time. In the context of terrorist attacks, risk perceptions are an important driver of tourism travel. Also, digitalisation of society influences ways people seek information and select destinations.
In this trajectory, we study experiences and the ways the tourism industry, policy makers and local inhabitants are involved in place-making in changing social and political contexts. On the one hand, experiences are highly subjective and connected to individual history and identity. On the other hand, they are simultaneously framed by wider socio-cultural and political discourses, as well as shared practices situated in particular places. For example, tourism destinations both shape and are shaped by, experiential themes, such as histories and cultural heritage, thrills and adventure, sun-sea-sand, protected natural areas, films, and other.
Students need to follow two courses related to this trajectory:
This trajectory could lead to the following thesis opportunities:
- The sense of place of different tourists (see. e.g. “Differences and similarities in the use and experience of place between hotel guests and Airbnb guests in Amsterdam: an interpretation of the relationships between tourist trajectories, sense of place and host-guest interaction”)
- Relations between cultural heritage and identity formation (see e.g. “Heritage as an invigoration of self-identity: a quantitative analysis of the raison d’ être of heritage in Western societies”).
- Individual differences in tourism choices and experiences (see e.g. “Interpreting the effectiveness of whale watching: Experimenting with intentions”)