Technology integration for removal of organic pollutants from saline water

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Two third of the fresh water produced in Netherlands is used by industry and ends up as wastewater, often rich in inorganic salts and containing a complex mixture of organic compounds. The presence of salts limits biological treatment.

Within the Water Nexus project, a new treatment scenario is proposed based on a wetland for removal of organics, combined with electrochemical oxidation (EO) and membrane treatment for recalcitrant compounds and plant-microbial desalination cells (PMDC) for desalination.