CALM Projects (selection)

ACER (completed)
Developing Adaptive Capacity to Extreme events in the Rhine Basin (ACER) aims to develop new cross boundary adaptation strategies for the Rhine basin under climate change (until the year 2050) and to investigate the robustness of these strategies.
Contact: Eddy Moors

ADAM is an integrated research project running from 2006 to 2009 that will lead to a better understanding of the trade-offs and conflicts that exist between adaptation and mitigation policies. ADAM will support EU policy development in the next stage of the development of the Kyoto Protocol and will inform the emergence of new adaptation strategies for Europe.
Contact: Saskia Werners

This project develops and deploys novel methods to optimize water use in agriculture by estimating irrigation needs at field level, by evaluating future water resource for agriculture at regional level and by considering reuse water. The project includes the development of an improved forecast module for soil moisture and plant water status at the field scale for irrigation scheduling; the assessment of water resources at the river basin scale by combining eco-hydrological and water demand models for the design of adaptation strategy under global changes; and the evaluation of alternative water resources for re-use of sewage water.
Contact: Eddy Moors

AMAZALERT enables raising the alert about critical feedbacks between climate, society, land-use change, vegetation change, water availability and policies in Amazonia. This project integrates the multidisciplinary knowledge and research of world-renowned, highly influential climate, land cover, land use change scientists and also policy analysts from 14 European and South-American institutions that have been collaborating for 10 to 30 years.
Contact: Bart Kruijt

The Environmental Sciences Group of Wageningen University and Research Centre, and the Climate Change and Adaptive Land and Water Management group in particular, have significantly enhanced their range of activities with partners in Bangladesh over the last two years. The portfolio of activities focuses on linking climate change, water and food security. The programme has three different but interlinked components, i.e. (1) Research, (2) Science-Policy Interface and (3) Capacity Building. Contact: Catharien Terwisscha van Scheltinga

BRIDGE is a European project within the 7th Framework Programme that started in 2008. Goal of the project is to develop a decision support system (DSS) for sustainable city management. The DSS builds on ideas from industrial ecology, and includes knowledge on energy and material flows, hydrology, CO2 and other emissions.
Contact: Eddy Moors

Bsik-KvR-ME2: GHG Information System (completed)
The Bsik ME2 project aimed to develop an advanced GHG information system - consisting of a comprehensive set of monitoring systems, combined with a complementary suite of 3D models – that is able to quantify the magnitude, trends and associated uncertainties of the biogenic and antropogenic greenhouse gas budgets high spatial an temporal resolutions.
Contact: Ronald Hutjes

The project "Carpathian integrated assessment of vulnerability to climate change and ecosystem-based adaptation measures" aims to assess the vulnerability of the Carpathian region to climate change in combination with other anthropogenic pressures. Based on this vulnerability assessment an inventory will be made of potential and already implemented adaptation measures.
Contact: Saskia Werners, Eddy Moors

CASCO Climate Adaptation & Services COmmunity
CASCO focuses on long-lasting cooperation in the field of climate change adaptation by creating a community of European and Indian researchers and innovators, funding staff exchange and dedicated thematic meetings in India and Europe around climate adaptation services. CASCO consists of a total of 5 European and 4 Indian core partners, with a wide range of network partners. The project will run for 2014 until 2018.
Contact: Christian Siderius

CATALYST (completed)
The project Capacity Development for Hazard Risk Reduction and Adaptation (CATALYST) explores ways to more effectively assemble, analyse and use the rapidly expanding knowledge base of natural hazards and disasters in order to then provide some guidelines for best practices both before and after such disasters occur. 
Contact: Fons Jaspers

To set-up and operate at the Cabauw site an observational facility with a comprehensive set of remote sensing and in-situ equipment to characterize the state of the atmosphere, its radiative properties and interaction with the land surface, for the study of physical and chemical processes, climate monitoring and validation studies.
Contact: Eddy Moors

Climate4Impact - IS ENES Portal Interface for the Climate Impact Communities
This web portal oriented towards climate change impact modellers, impact and adaptation consultants, as well as other experts using climate change data. They will find access to data and quick looks of global climate models (GCM) scenarios, as well as some regional climate model (RCM) and downscaled higher resolution climate data. The portal provides data transformation tooling for tailoring data to your needs and mapping & plotting capabilities.
Contact: Ronald Hutjes

Climate-ADAPT (completed)
The establishment of a European Clearinghouse on adaptation and impacts is one of the key elements of the recent EU White Paper on climate change adaptation policy. Alterra staff contributed to two projects to support the development of such a clearinghouse: “Preparations for the establishment of European Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Clearinghouse”, and “Design of guidelines for the elaboration of Regional Climate Change Adaptations Strategies”. The Climate-ADAPT website was launched in 2011 and is maintained by Wageningen Environmental Research staff.
Contact: Rob Swart and Fokke de Jong

Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for the Lower Mekong Basin Under the Mekong River Commission Climate Change and Adaptation Initiative (MRC CCAI), a Mekong Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan (MASAP) will be developed as the general plan of action for guidance and addressing the impacts of climate change on the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB). CCAI has asked Alterra to support the development of the MASAP.
Contact: Jos Timmerman

CLIPC - Constructing Europe's Climate Information Portal
CLIPC provides access to climate formation of direct relevance to a wide variety of users, from scientists to policy makers and private sector decision makers. Information will include data from satellite and in-situ observations, climate models and re-analyses, transformed data products to enable impacts assessments and climate change impact indicators. The platform will complement existing GMES/Copernicus pre-operational components, but will focus on datasets which provide information on climate variability and decadal to centennial time scales from observed and projected climate change impacts in Europe, and will provide a toolbox to generate, compare and rank key indicators.
Contact: Annemarie Groot

Climate Adaptation Atlas

Bangladesh Climate Adaptation Atlas

The Climate Atlas project develops a shared knowledge base on climate change impacts at local/regional level. The project develops an online geoportal with relevant knowledge on climate change impacts, providing the regional governments easy access to scientific information.
Contact: Hasse Goosen

The European integrating project COMBINE brings together research groups to advance Earth system models (ESMs) for more accurate climate projections and for reduced uncertainty in the prediction of climate and climate change in the next decades. COMBINE will contribute to better assessments of changes in the physical climate system and of their impacts in the societal and economic system. The proposed work will strengthen the scientific base for environmental policies of the EU for the climate negotiations, and will provide input to the IPCC/AR5 process.
Contact: Fulco Ludwig

Delta Alliance
The The Delta Alliance is an initiative to promote international cooperation of experts, water managers, other practitioners and their governments. It aims to raise awareness, share information and develop tools for sustainable development of low-lying areas in times of a changing world and a changing climate.
Contact: Catharien Terwisscha van Scheltinga

Delta Ateliers, Touch Table and Delta Atlas (pdf)
Geo-spatial participatory planning tools to support the Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100. The Delta Atelier approach was used to jointly develop an adaptation strategy. During the ateliers, local stakeholder gave not only reflections and complemented the outcomes of the baseline studies (problem statement), but also worked together on potential (integrative) solutions. The Touch Table and the Delta Atlas were used to store and visualize spatial data on climate (change). More information on the Delta Atlas and Climate Adaptation Services (CAS), a spin-off of Wageningen UR, can be found on the CAS website.
Contact: Hasse Goosen

Dutch institutional framework and governance of adaptation strategies
This research was carried out in the context of the Climate changes Spatial Planning Programme. CALM staff investigated, in a variety of ways, how Dutch society can adapt to climate change. Ecosystems and wildlife may need another type of National Ecological Network; more space is needed for water, and building plans may have to be moved to different areas. It is one thing to think of solutions, but will the Dutch authorities, companies and other organisations be able to carry them through?
Contact: Judith Klostermann

G4INDO stands for Geodata for Indonesia. G4INDO assists the Government of Indonesia with the implementation of its crop loss insurance policy. The objective is to setup a sustainable service. During the lifetime of the project (2014-2017) the service will be developed for 200,000 food producers (rice farmers) in East Java. As the technologies and methodologies that will be introduced by the project will be developed within Indonesian institutions, the Government of Indonesia will be able to apply them in other areas after the project is completed. Particularly important is the development of remote sensing data for crop monitoring and crop loss assessment. Without the application of such data it will be near impossible to serve the millions of farmers in Indonesia. G4INDO has two other components. Under the heading rural development the project designs insurance contracts that are beneficial for farmers (while at the same time acceptable for insurance companies), develops a communication strategy, and carries out socio-economic monitoring to measure the impact of the services provided. Within the insurance methodology component, issues as contract distribution, claim processing and re-insuring are given attention.
Contact: Aart Schrevel

Green Economic Growth
With Green Economic Growth the CALM team offers the Wageningen hands-on approach to facilitate green business models. We define Green Economic Growth as a strategy to stimulate economic growth in rural and urban areas, ensuring poverty eradication and quality of life for all without overexploitation of natural resources: soil, water, biodiversity, energy and cultural capital.
Contact: Jochen Froebrich

HI-AWARE will develop robust evidence on how to enhance the adaptive capacities and climate resilience of the poorest and most vulnerable people in the mountains and floodplains of the glacier and snowpack dependent river basins of South Asia.
Watch a brief introduction on what HI-AWARE stands for.
Contact: Hester Biemans

HighNoon (completed)
The HighNoon project aimed to assess the impact of Himalayan glaciers retreat and possible changes of the Indian summer monsoon on the spatial and temporal distribution of water resources in Northern India. The project further aimed to provide recommendations for appropriate and efficient response strategies that strengthen the cause for adaptation to hydrological extreme events through a participatory process. This project was identified as one of the success stories of the European projects within FP7.
Contact: Eddy Moors

The "Indo-European Research Facilities for Studies on Marine Ecosystems and Climate in India” (INDO-MARECLIM) project is an EU FP7 funded programme which addresses climate change and variability, specifically related to the Indian Ocean and Indian monsoon; marine biological production, biodiversity and the integrity and functioning of marine ecosystems; and the impacts of these on the livelihood of coastal population. One of the objectives of this project is to extend the Nansen Environmental Research Centre - India (NERCI) as a joint research facility for scientific co-operation between India and the European Union member states and associated countries on the topics mentioned above.
Contact: Eddy Moors, Tanya Singh

Creating local market opportunities and re-investing in capacity building and agribusiness innovation is key for small holder farmers in Giyani. The Public Private Partnership (PPP) project Inno-Giyani aims at developing the Manombe Cooperative in Giyani as a sustainable and profitable institution. Maize flour is one of the principle food components, but have to be transported > 500 km from the Free state province. The local production of high quality maize flour is hence the basis for the cooperative business case.
Contact: Jochen Froebrich

Intelligent Water Management
Alternating water supply shortages and excessive rainfall leading to drought damages, as well as flooding and landslides reflect the imbalance of water resources. This constraints the fight to reduce poverty and to ensure sustainable development in Colombia. In rural areas, water imbalance has a strong negative effect on farm productivity. This imbalance not only has an economic, but also social and environmental impacts. The negative effect on farm productivity accentuates rural poverty and social vulnerability as it increases the shortfall of supply versus the international demand of commodity products. This increases the vulnerability of the rural regions and the entire coffee supply chain from producer to consumer. The project contributes in 5 years to the sustainability, competitiveness and well-being of, in the end, over 560.000 Colombian coffee-growers and to the whole coffee regions, by building capacity and improving farming systems for cross-sector cooperation, sustainable production and environmental protection.
Contact: Wouter Wolters

JPI Climate
JPI Climate is a collaboration between 13 European countries to coordinate jointly their climate research and fund new transnational research initiatives. JPI Climate connects scientific disciplines, enables cross-border research and  increases the science-practice interaction. JPI Climate contributes to the overall EU objective of developing a European Research Area and is coordinated with the EU’s Horizon2020 programme in support of excellent science, industrial leadership and the European response to one of the great societal challenges of our times - climate change.
Contact: Rob Swart

Knowledge for Climate (completed)
Knowledge for Climate was a research programme for the development of knowledge and services that makes it possible to climate proof the Netherlands. Governmental organisations and businesses participated through the input of additional resources. Knowledge was developed to be able to assess investments in spatial planning and infrastructure for the coming twenty years.
Contact: Fokke de Jong

Since 1994 Alterra is running a flux / weather station at the Loobos site near Kootwijk, the Netherlands. In 1996 this site became part of the Euroflux project and CO2-flux and profile measurements CO2 and H2O were added. In 2000 the site became part of the Carboeurope project. These projects were / are funded by the European Commission.
Contact: Jan Elbers

MaMaSe: the Mau Mara Serengeti Sustainable Water Initiative for Kenya
The MaMaSe Initiative aims to improve water safety and floodplain management in the Mara River Basin in support of poverty reduction, sustainable economic growth, and ecosystem conservation. It will pursue this through a broad-based, basin-scale public-private-partnership, focussing on improved water management in the main economic activities: agriculture, cattle ranching, and wildlife-based tourism. It will strengthen the knowledge base and provide a platform for engagement of new partners.
Contact: Saskia Werners

Assessment of climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation requires a combination of generic and context-specific knowledge. Currently, the availability of such knowledge in Europe is fragmented and incomplete. MEDIATION addresses this challenge through six activities: (i) analysis of the decision-making context; (ii) inventory, review and improvement of methods and metrics for impacts and vulnerability analysis; (iii) likewise for costing of impacts and adaptation options; (iv) development of an overarching integrated methodology; (v) development of a flexible, interactive common platform for knowledge sharing; and (vi) dissemination of this knowledge and training.
Contact: Rob Swart

NeWater (completed)
The central theme of the NeWater project was a transition from currently prevailing regimes of river basin water management into more adaptive regimes in the future. Managing the systems will be more difficult due to increasing complexity and uncertainty. One of the outcomes of the project is an online curriculum on adaptive water management.
Contact: Eddy Moors

PEER: Europe Adapts to Climate Change - Comparing National Adaptation Strategies
Created in 2001, PEER is a partnership of seven large European environmental research centres. PEER members (i.e. Wageningen Environmental Research (Alterra)) cover the full spectrum of the environmental sciences and combine basic with applied research anticipating societal needs. PEER members carry out their research in strategic and interdisciplinary multi-annual programmes, working with partners worldwide to solve complex environmental challenges. This PEER report presents a comparative analysis of national adaptation strategies in a sample of European countries. The primary objectives of this study are to identify policy-relevant findings and formulate recommendations for further research.
Contact: Rob Swart

Scenario development in Integrated Water Resources Management
The aim of this project is a scenario development in Integrated Water Resources Management coping with future challenges in Bangladesh and in particular to strengthen the collaboration between and the capacity of the four organisations DWRE at BUET, DIWM at the BAU, CEGIS and WARPO to contribute and support the realisation of the Delta plan in Bangladesh.
Contact: Catharien Terwisscha van Scheltinga

SECTEUR - Sector Engagement for the Copernicus Climate Change Services: Translating European User Requirements
SECTEUR works with private and public sector organisations to understand their requirements, in terms of weather and climate data, aiming to deliver better-tailored information to support decision-making. The project also conducts a gap and market analysis to help understand the economic potential of such information.
Contact: Claire Jacobs

SWICCA - Service for Water Indicators in Climate Change Adaptation

SWICCA banner

The aim of SWICCA is to provide data for climate impact assessments. The main target group is consultants working in the water sector with climate adaptation of their clients business in water management. By using indicators, climate impact assessments can be done without having to run a full production chain from raw climate model results – instead the indicators can be included in the local workflow with local methods applied, to facilitate the decision-making and strategies to meeting the future. Alterra is coordinator of the Knowledge Brokerage work package.
Contact: Annemarie Groot

URBANFLUXES: URBan Anthropogenic heat FLUX from Earth observation Satellites
The anthropogenic heat flux (QF) is the heat flux resulting from human activities such as traffic, heating and cooling of buildings, industrial processes and the metabolic heat release by people. Both urban planning and Earth system science communities need spatially disaggregated QF data, at local (neighbourhood, or 100 m x 100 m) and city scales. URBANFLUXES attempts to combine in-situ fluxes measurements with Earth Observation remote sensing data to produce a better estimation of QF.
Contact: Judith Klostermann

WATCH (completed)
The objective of the EU funded integrated project was to analyse, quantify and predict the components of the current and future global water cycle, and related water resources status, evaluate their uncertainties, and clarify the overall vulnerability of global water resources related to the main societal and economic sectors.
Contact: Ronald Hutjes

Water4Crops is one of the largest Euro-India collaborative projects co-funded by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India and the European Commission (under KBBE.2012.3.5-03: Biotechnological waste water treatments and reuse in agronomical systems) that will address the emerging, increasingly important issue for the world: “Water and wastewater reuse and management”. Water4Crops stands for "integrating bio-treated wastewater reuse and valorization with enhanced water use efficiency to support the Green Economy in Europe and India".
Contact: Christian Siderius

The overarching objective of the pilot project Waste Water Reuse for Irrigation in Algeria (WAWARIA) is to demonstrate the potential to safely valorise waste water treated and polished with membrane based filtration for irrigation purposes. The project consists of installing three irrigation plot for tomatoes, potatoes and cucumber that will be irrigated with 3 water quality: i) traditional water for irrigation (ground water), ii) current treated waste water, iii) tertiary polished water with membrane.
Contact: Philippe Ker Rault

Waste Water Reuse for Irrigation in Algeria