Approach

We investigate what combination of life-history traits, landscape characteristics and pesticide application regimes (as well as mode of action) allows for population recovery by means of an individual-based model (IBM).

IBMs look into the individual organism as the main unit of the population, while population characteristics are obtained through keeping track of intraspecific interactions as well as interactions with the environment.

Example of population recovery in an aerially dispersing species; blue line denotes a system with a single pesticide application, orange line is a 2 pesticide application system. Recovery assumed if populations reach the red line, i.e. the reference population.
Example of population recovery in an aerially dispersing species; blue line denotes a system with a single pesticide application, orange line is a 2 pesticide application system. Recovery assumed if populations reach the red line, i.e. the reference population.