Various modelling and mapping tools aim to provide accurate and to the point information concerning European forests, its management and the fulfillment of functions like wood availability, carbon sequestration, biodiversity, etc.
The European Forest Information SCENario Model (EFISCEN) is a large-scale forest model that projects forest resource development on regional to European scale. This model has been developed together with the European Forest Institute (EFI). Wageningen Environmental Research (Alterra) and EFI own the model. Currently, it is an open source model.
The model is suitable for the projection of forest resource development for a period of 50 to 60 years.
The model uses national forest inventory data as a main source of input to describe the current structure and composition of European forest resources. Based on this information, the model can project the development of forest resources, based on different scenarios. These scenarios are mainly determined by management actions, but the model can also take into account changes in forest area, as well as changes in growth e.g. due to climate change.
EFISCEN provides data on basic forest inventory data (species, area, stemwood volume, increment, mortality, age-structure), but the model includes multiple indicators related to important forest ecosystem services (carbon sequestration, biodiversity, recreation, wind and fire risk), enabling the assessment of impacts of different policy and management strategies at the national and European level. Some of the results of EFISCEN were used in biomass related projectes like S2Biom and Biomasspolicies by Berien Elbersen.
EFISCEN-space is its higher resolution version, based on very local data and a different modelling approach.