In the thirty-year Master Plan for Agricultural Development developed by the MoALI, covering the period 2001/2 to 2030/31, one of the objectives set out for Agricultural Development is encouraging diploma, bachelor, master and doctoral degree holders; undertake research, extension and training activities. The demand for TVET is expected to increase over the next 2 decades.
Myanmar Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation
Currently formal agricultural TVET education is offered by the 14 State Agricultural Institutes (SAI) that fall under the financial and administrative accountability of Department of Agriculture. The SAI’s deliver job ready agricultural technicians every year, principally extension workers.
The current curriculum for the SAI’s does not adequately reflect the national vision or the sectoral demands for an agricultural sector of tomorrow that Myanmar envisages. There is considerable room for improvement looking at SAI teaching methods, also in the light of the requirements that the workforce should have according to agribusiness/agro food sector.
The MoALI including the In-service Training Centre and State Agricultural Institutes Division (CARTC) expects that after the project it will have the academic and organizational capacity to develop curricula for the SAIs in a number of topics like plant protection, horticulture, floriculture, seed production, irrigation systems, soil and water management, etc. The five pilot State Agricultural Schools (SAI’s) will be able to develop, implement and maintain an agricultural educational programme with regional specializations that delivers graduates that respond to the demands of the labour market.
New project to strengthen agricultural vocational schools in Myanmar
A 4-year agreement between the Myanmar Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation (MoALI) and the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs has just been launched. Two partners of the Dutch consortium (consisting of Aeres, MDF, Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation (CDI), Wellant and Lentiz) Aeres and MDF Asia just completed their first successful inception mission.
The project - funded by Nuffic - concerns strengthening of 14 State Agricultural Institutes (SAIs) by providing hands-on support with curriculum review, teacher development and ICT needs, which will involve ample technical, subject matter expertise transfer and information exchange between the Netherlands and Myanmar. This aims at tailoring the curricula of the schools more to specific agricultural conditions of the regions they are situated in. Further, the project ensures that the SAI curricula are better attuned to concrete job profiles and actual job needs.
- Sustainable food security and economic growth meeting national needs.
- Enhanced capacity at the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock & Irrigation to coordinate, develop and implement the key transformations in the agricultural TVET system.
- Enhanced capacity at the selected State Agricultural Institutes to deliver graduates that possess adequate (competency-based and labour market oriented) region specific and gender sensitive entrepreneurial, extension and management skills and knowledge.
Outcomes aimed at by the project
1. At the end of the project the MoALI including the Centres for Agricultural Research & Training and State Agricultural Institutes Division will have the academic and organisational capacity to develop curricula for the SAIs in a number of topics like plant protection, horticulture, floriculture, seed production, irrigation systems, soil and water management, etc.