Dutch drivers are not as polite as you might hope. It is therefore wise to acquaint yourself with Dutch traffic rules. The most unexpected traffic rule for foreign pedestrians or cyclists is that all traffic approaching from the right has priority, unless signs or markings indicate otherwise. This includes pedestrians and cyclists. Trams have priority over everyone, no matter where they come from. As a pedestrian, you should also get accustomed to the network of bicycle paths (‘fietspaden’), which you might at first mistake for pedestrian paths.
Attention: the Dutch drive on the right side of the road. Be aware of this when you cross the street.