Botany and Phytopathology

A collection of 4700 drawings, wall charts and paintings on botany, entomology and phytopathology. This collection includes the Tulip book of P. Cos (1637), the Konstboeck van Simon Schynvoet (1690-1750) and Receuil de plantes des Indes by Maria Sybilla Merian (1765).

Drawings

1. Botanical drawings made by scientific illustrators Wageningen University [1900-1971]

2. Botanical drawings made by scientific illustrators Wageningen University [1970-1985]

3. Drawings of plant diseases and plant pests made at Proefstation voor de Groenten(-) en Fruit(teelt) onder glas te Naaldwijk / Bovene-Beynon, 1946-1955

For more detailed information, see below.

Wall charts

4. 305 wall charts Entomology and Phytopathology [1900-1980]

5. Pflanzenphysiologische Wandtafeln / Frank & Tschirch, 1889-1894

6. Neue Wandtafeln für Zoologie und Botanik / Jung, Koch & Quentell, ca. 1913

7. Educational wallcharts / Van Tongeren, 1919-1923

For more detailed information, see below.

Books

8. Tulip book of P. Cos, 1637 and 32 tulipomania pamphlets, 1636-1763

9. Konstboeck of Simon Schynvoet, ca. 1690-1750. 142 botanical illustrations

10. Receuil de plantes des Indes by M.S. Merian. 72 illustrations of plants and insects

For more detailed information, see below.

Atlases

11. Atlas der Krankheiten der landwirtschaftliche Kulturpflanzen / Dressel, Appel & Riehm, 1924

12. Biolog[ischer] Atlas : Iris sibirica / Dodel, 1894

For more detailed information, see below.

Copyrights and credits

All images can be downloaded for free. The copyrights of the Botany and Phytopathology images belong to Wageningen University & Research - Library, Special Collections.
Please send an email to speccoll.library@wur.nl for information on how to attribute when you want to use one or more images in a publication or on a website.

Drawings

1. Botanical drawings made by scientific illustrators Wageningen University [1900-1971]. A collection of botanical drawings of plants, shrubs and trees from the Botanical gardens, made by scientific illustrators of the Laboratorium of Plantensystematiek in Wageningen (WUR Library Search).

This collection of botanical drawings contains more than 1900 drawings of plants, shrubs and trees, created between 1900 and 1971. Some botanical drawings show multiple species. These are separately scanned and included in the WUR Image Collections. Botanic drawing was a serious part of plant description; living nature was copied in an exactly scientifically way. Plant material was obtained from the Botanical Gardens of the University.

2. Botanical drawings made by scientific illustrators Wageningen University [1970-1985]. A collection of botanical drawings of plants, shrubs and trees from the Botanical gardens, made by scientific illustrators of the Laboratorium of Plantensystematiek en -geografie in Wageningen (WUR Library Search).

Between 1970 and 1985 a collection of 400 botanical drawings was built up mainly with drawings of perennials. Some drawings represent multiple species: these are scanned and showed separately in the WUR Image Collections. Botanic drawing was a serious part of plant description; living nature was copied in a exactly scientifically way. Plant material was obtained from the Botanical Gardens of the University.

3. Drawings of plant diseases and plant pests made at Proefstation voor de Groenten(-) en Fruit(teelt) onder glas te Naaldwijk / Bovene-Beynon, 1946-1955. A collection of drawings of plant diseases and plant pests (WUR Library Search).

Suzon van Bovene-Beynon was the most important illustrator of this collection. The collection contains over 1000 drawings of plant diseases and plant pests, drawn between 1946 and 1855. Disorders in crops, vegetables, fruits and cut flowers are divided into four categories: animal, fungus and bacterium, plant disorder and virus. Employees of the Advisory Service used these charts when providing information to growers and farmers.

Wall charts

4. Wall charts Entomology and Phytopathology

This collection consists of 305 images from the period of 1900 until 1980. The wall charts were used in classes of the Laboratories of Entomology and Phytopathology to study insect plant relations and plant diseases. Some are hand drawn by professional artists especially for WUR and therefore unique. Others are printed in multiple copies. The main subjects shown on the wall charts are insects and plant pests.

5. Wandtafeln für den Unterricht in der Pflanzenphysiologie an landwirthschaflichen und verwandten Lehranstalten

The ‘Pflanzenphysiologische Wandtafeln’ is a series of 39 wall charts by Frank & Tschirch, used for education on the subject of plant physiology and published in the period 1889-1894 in Berlin. The complete collection includes 60 wall charts of which WUR Library possesses 39. The purpose was to explain physiology of plants for courses in agriculture and related courses. According to Frank & Tschirch, these charts are the first to explain plant physiology in a graphic way.

6. Neue Wandtafeln für Zoologie und Botanik / Jung, Koch & Quentell, ca. 1913. No additional information is provided here.

7. Educational wallcharts Van Tongeren.

Wall charts illustrating parts of plants, shrubs and trees. B.J. van Tongeren (1892-1970) worked at the department Plantentaxonomie as a scientific illustrator and lithographer between 1919-1957.

Books

8. The Tulip Collection contains the Tulip book of Pieter Cos and 32 tulipomania pamphlets (WUR Library Search). The Tulip book is a manuscript nursery catalogue from 1637 with tulips and a small number of other flowers. It was published at the peak of the tulipomania, a period in the Dutch Golden Age in which contract prices for bulbs of the recently introduced tulip reached extraordinarily high levels and then suddenly collapsed. The manuscript contains 54 gouaches of tulips, followed by 12 added drawings of tulips, some by [Pieter] Holsteijn the Younger and Pieter Schagen, 7 watercolours of carnations and 2 drawings of other flowers. For most tulips, names are written at the bottom of the illustration with the same paint. Later on, the weight and the prices for which the bulbs were sold were added with a more modern pen. The weight of each bulb is given in 'aasen', an aas being 0,048 gram. Prices are given in guilders. 

The tulipomania pamphlets ridicule the craziness of the speculative trade in tulip bulbs. During the first half of the seventeenth century, tulip bulbs were sold at outrageous prices in the Netherlands. In 1637, speculation rose to such an extent that bulbs were sold faster than they could grow. Prices spiraled to a extremely high level for bulbs of which neither buyer nor seller had seen the flower. This tulipomania got out of hand so badly that bulb growers themselves asked the government to ban the trade.

9. Konstboeck of Simon Schynvoet : [a collection of botanical illustrations] (WUR Library Search)

The ‘Konstboeck’ is a collection of 142 botanical illustrations from approx. 1680-1750 by Catharina Lintheimer, Alida Withoos, Pieter Withoos, Johannes Bronckhorst and Pieter Holsteijn. The illustrations were collected by Simon Schijnvoet (1652-1727), an amateur (garden) designer and art collector. Seven of the most striking gouaches were painted by Alida Withoos, for example a Rosa gallica ‘versicolor’ or French Rose. The major part of the collection, 123 drawings, was made by Catharina Lintheimer.

10. Receuil de plantes des Indes (WUR Library Search) is a rare pirate edition of 'Over de voortteelling en wonderbaerlyke veranderingen der Surinaamsche insecten' which was published in Paris around 1765. The original plates were used under a new title, focusing on the plants only. It contains only the illustrations made by Maria Sibylla Merian and engraved by P. Sluijter, J. Mulder and D. Stoopendaal. The 72 hand-coloured prints depict the life cycle of insects with the flowers and fruits on which they thrive. The famous artist and entomologist Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717) left Amsterdam in 1699 with her daughter to study insects and their metamorphoses in Suriname.

Atlases

11. Atlas der Krankheiten der landwirtschaftliche Kulturpflanzen (WUR Library Search)

The ‘Atlas der Krankheiten der landwirtschaftliche Kulturpflanzen’ is a series of 22 wall charts showing images of crops. For example potatoes, cabbage, cucumber and cereals, affected by different diseases. The wall charts were painted by Otto Appel and published in Berlin in 1924.

12. Biolog[ischer] Atlas : Iris sibirica

The ‘Biolog[ischer] Atlas : Iris sibirica’ by A. Dodel is a set of 6 educational botanical wall charts from around 1900.

Examples

Dotterbloem, wall chart, Haslinger Botanische Wandtafeln
Dotterbloem, wall chart, Haslinger Botanische Wandtafeln

Delphinium Amos Perry / Johan Haak
Delphinium Amos Perry / Johan Haak

Daucus carota ssp sativus Hoffm Arcangeli / Mariet de Geus
Daucus carota ssp sativus Hoffm Arcangeli / Mariet de Geus