dr.ir. VID (Vera) Ros

dr.ir. VID (Vera) Ros

Assistant Professor

Assistant Professor Insect Virus Host Interactions

I obtained my MSc degree in Biology at Wageningen University in 2004 (cum laude). During my MSc thesis at the University of Copenhagen (with Dr. Duur Aanen) my interest in host-symbiont interactions was triggered, when studying fungus-growing termites and possible invasive fungi. I performed my PhD research at the University of Amsterdam (Dr. Hans Breeuwer and Prof. Steph Menken; Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics), focusing on reproductive parasites: bacteria that manipulate the reproductive system of their invertebrate host in order to enhance their own transmission. Wolbachia and Cardinium are well-known and widespread reproductive parasites, and I have investigated their impact in spider mites (Bryobia and Tetranychus). My thesis was awarded with The Netherlands Entomological Society (NEV) dissertation price for the best entomological PhD thesis defended at a Dutch University between September 2008 and September 2009. Subsequently, I have worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Pennsylvania (laboratory of Dr. Dustin Brisson) studying the evolution of the infectious microbe Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted by ticks and is the causative agent of Lyme disease. In 2009, I started a postdoc at the Laboratory of Virology, Wageningen University (Prof. Dr. Monique van Oers and Prof. Dr. Just Vlak), focusing on baculoviruses infecting caterpillars. In 2012, I received a VENI-grant of the NWO (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research) to study the mechanism behind viral manipulation of insect host behaviour. In 2015, I took up a permanent position as Assistant Professor (Tenure Track) in insect virology at Wageningen University. In 2017, I received the Early career award from the Society for Invertebrate Pathology (SIP), recognizing uprising scientists in the field of insect pathology.

Currently, I serve the Society for Invertebrate Pathology as a board member and secretary/treasurer of the Virus Division. I am also a board member and treasurer of SETE, a section of The Netherlands Entomological Society (NEV) that organizes the yearly Dutch Entomology Day. Furthermore, I am a member of the education team of the BSc and MSc study Biology (WUR).

 

Research interests

I am interested in the evolutionary dynamics of host-parasite and other symbiotic interactions, with a focus on interactions between arthropods and micro-organisms. Such symbiotic interactions (comprising mutualism, parasitism and commensalism) are widespread, have evolved independently multiple times, and have a large impact on the ecology and evolution of both host and micro-organism.

Research in our group focuses mainly on baculovirus - insect host interactions. Baculoviruses and insects share a long co-evolutionary history - the ancestral dsDNA viruses evolved together with the first insects. Baculoviruses are the most studied insect viruses, infecting over 700 insect species (mainly of the order Lepidoptera) and are important agents in biocontrol of insect pests. Besides, baculoviruses can be grown in cell culture and are easily manipulated genetically, making them very suitable as expression system for recombinant proteins. (photo: Jan van Lent)

Baculovirus-induced manipulation of insect host behaviour. Many parasites manipulate their hosts behaviour, in order to enhance their spread. Exquisite examples of behavioural manipulation are known, including hypermobility and pre-death climbing behaviour (tree-top disease) in baculovirus-infected caterpillars. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. We aim at clarifying which parasitic genes modify host behaviour and which pathways in the host transduce the parasite-induced signal into a change in behaviour. Baculoviruses infecting caterpillars provide a unique system to tackle these questions, because baculoviruses can be easily genetically engineered in the laboratory (e.g. creating single gene knockout strains), and because these viruses are known to induce behavioural changes in caterpillars (hypermobility and climbing behaviour/tree top disease). We are currently investigating how viruses invade the insect nervous system to achieve modification of host behaviour. We have written two extensive reviews on parasitic modification of host behaviour and have published several papers in which the molecular mechanism is beginning to be unravelled.

Covert virus infections in insects. It is now discovered that many viruses, including those being pathogenic to insects, frequently occur in a covert (latent or persistent) state. While the pathology of some of these viruses (e.g. baculoviruses) has been extensively studied, the effect of covert infections has received little attention. We try to unravel the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying covert virus infections in insects and to investigate the impact of such infections throughout the insects lifecycle. Covert infections might cause major problems in mass rearings of insects, when such covert infections suddenly develop into overt infections (see our recent review paper and book chapter). Insects are increasingly mass reared, due to a growing demand for insects, e.g. for food and feed, biological pest control, pollination, or waste management.

Insect virus group 2017

Jan van Lent - Mieke Bavelaar - Felix Evers- Els Roode - Luuk Reijmers - Ghulam Ali - Just Vlak - Monique van Oers - Hanke Bloksma

Nick van der Hoeven - Bob Boogaard - Marleen Henkens - Vera Ros - Esther van der End - Fengqiao Zhou

50th Annual Meeting of the Society for Invertebrate Pathology (SIP), San Diego, 2017

Early Career Award to Vera Ros (left)

Mauro Martignoni Award to PhD candidate Yue Han (right)

Insect virus group 2016

Fengqiao zhou - Ioana Nicorescu - Methap Yakupoglu - Jan van Lent - Fabiola Ortega Murillo - Monique van Oers - Cindy Spruit - Bob Boogaard - Vera Ros - Yue Han - Hanke Bloksma - Leonardo Assis da Silva