Illegal logging in Ghana is partly a problem of poverty. Poor people, unemployed youth and opportunistic individuals seeking quick cash earn money from the illegal chainsaw milling value chain. Policy change and law enforcement are not sufficient answers. Alternative, and sustainable livelihood opportunities for the poor in forest dependent communities need to be secured in addition. Tropenbos is piloting forest-based legal livelihood opportunities in Ghana. This publication reviews three of the piloted models, and the effect on people's livelihoods.