The effect of dietary non-starch polysaccharide level and bile acid supplementation on fat digestibility and the bile acid balance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Staessen, T.W.O.; Verdegem, M.C.J.; Weththasinghe, P.; Schrama, J.W.


This study investigated in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) if dietary bile acid supplementation is effective in restoring hampered fat digestibility related to conditions that enhance fecal bile acid loss (i.e., high dietary non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) level and high feeding level). Four diets were formulated according to a two-by-two factorial design. A Low- and High-NSP level (0 vs. 160 g kg-1 inclusion of a NSP-rich ingredient mixture) and two bile acid supplementation levels (0 vs. 2 g kg-1 inclusion of sodium taurocholate) were tested. A contrast in feeding level (i.e., feed intake) was created by subsequently feeding fish restrictively (1.1% BW d-1) for four weeks and to satiation for three weeks. The apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of all nutrients was affected by feeding period (i.e., restricted vs. satiation feeding), but the effect was dependent on diet composition with the ADC decline between feeding periods being larger for the High-NSP diets. The ADC of all macronutrients decreased alongside dietary NSP level, but this decrease was much more pronounced for fat compared to starch and protein, especially during satiation feeding (6.7%). This large drop in fat ADC during satiation feeding of NSP-rich diets occurred alongside enhanced fecal bile acid loss and correlated with a negative bile acid balance. The correlation between the bile acid balance and fat ADC found during satiation feeding of diets without bile acid supplementation was not present in fish fed diets with bile acid supplementation. In contrast to fat ADC, the ADC of protein and starch were independent from bile acid supplementation. In conclusion, dietary bile acid supplementation is an effective way to remediate decreased fat ADC related to enhanced fecal bile acid loss in rainbow trout, but is not effective in improving protein and starch ADC.