Local food systems : General characteristics and the role of logistics

Pauls-Worm, K.G.J.; Ren, Y.; Akkerman, R.


There is an increase in initiatives towards more localised food systems, consisting of less complex and
shorter supply chains. The expectations are that such food systems reduce carbon emissions and food
losses and waste, as well as contribute to healthier diets. It is however not clear to what extent these
expectations can be met. This paper aims to outline the main characteristics and claimed benefits of
local food systems as described in the scientific literature, as well as to analyse and evaluate the role of
logistics on the economic and environmental performance of local food systems by developing simple
local food supply chain scenarios in the setting of the Dutch province of Flevoland. The results,
supported by findings from literature, suggest that the use of cooperation and coordination in the supply
chain is necessary to achieve more efficient and sustainable local supply chains.