Human Perception on Wildlife Conservation and Management

By Zulkhairi Azizi Zainal Abidin
Human relationships with wildlife are expressed in many ways. Some of these relationships are categorized as positive and some as negative. Most of these descriptions are designated accordingly to the type of consequences. Wildlife management agencies often seek the best solution in managing wildlife as a response to different consequences. However, management strategies and policies are likely influenced by the public. Conservation policy, for example, is often associated with public support. Individuals may perceive a policy as against or in favor with his/her values. A factor of liking or disliking for an animal may also be a reason of a support for conservation policy. Personal interest may also guide people reasoning in making decisions. In addition, different context may serve different challenges in understanding the underlying reason on how people react to wildlife and/or wildlife issues, thus making it interesting and relevant to study how people respond to and reason about wildlife and/or wildlife issues.

The present research is aiming to explain the acceptability of wildlife management intervention, support for conservation policy and wildlife-related behavior. To explain these wildlife-related issues, a survey measurement items consist the existing concept of Wildlife Value Orientations (WVOs), concepts of emotions towards wildlife, risk perception and different types of wildlife-related issues will be distributed to a stratified sample of the Malaysian population. It will explore the applicability and predictive potential of Wildlife Value Orientations in different situations of human-wildlife interactions, and how emotions towards wildlife could support the mental processing of cognition of human reasoning towards wildlife. The present research will try to comprehend the linkages between WVOs and emotions towards wildlife and how these concepts shape people perceived danger to wildlife that present risk. The concept of WVOs is culturally driven, thus offers a platform of cross-cultural study.

prof. C (Claudio) Minca MH (Maarten) Jacobs