Tourism partnerships, conservation and livelihoods in Amboseli: A Landscape governance perspective

By Tabitha Mugo
Conservation in Kenya has evolved from a focus on protected areas to an approach that also includes community-based and market-based partnership arrangements.

The Amboseli ecosystem illustrates this hybrid scenario to conservation and development, where varied partnership models have been initiated in an effort to create a wildlife migratory corridor between Amboseli National Park and neighboring Tsavo and Chyulu Hills National Parks. These partnerships often are tourism-related, involve multiple actors, and operate at local, regional, national, and international scales, interacting formally and informally, creating a complex scenario of landscape governance. Landscape governance aims at addressing economic, socio-cultural, political, and ecological interests simultaneously. However, the role of partnerships as part of landscape governance has received little empirical backing, more so in the tourism-conservation-development arena in Kenya. This study seeks to contribute to the emerging landscape governance literature, partnership studies and the tourism-conservation-development debate by analysing two partnerships in the Amboseli ecosystem, their role in landscape governance and their implications for conservation and livelihoods. A combination of document analysis, in-depth interviews, participatory observation, and focus group discussions will be adopted to collect data for this study.

prof.dr. Rene van der Duim
dr. Ingrid Visseren-Hamakers

dr. Damiannah M. Kieti - Moi University