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Sentinel-1 SAR Backscatter Analysis Ready Data Preparation in Google Earth Engine

Published on
May 17, 2021

An article of Adugna Mullissa, Andreas Vollrath, Christelle Odongo-Braun, Bart Slagter, Johannes Balling, Yaqing Gou, Noel Gorelick and Johannes Reiche: Sentinel-1 SAR Backscatter Analysis Ready Data Preparation in Google Earth Engine has been published in Remote Sensing.

doi:10.3390/rs13101954

Abstract
Sentinel-1 satellites provide temporally dense and high spatial resolution synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery. The open data policy and global coverage of Sentinel-1 make it a valuable data source for a wide range of SAR-based applications. In this regard, the Google Earth Engine is a key platform for large area analysis with preprocessed Sentinel-1 backscatter images available within a few days after acquisition. To preserve the information content and user freedom, some preprocessing steps (e.g., speckle filtering) are not applied on the ingested Sentinel-1 imagery as they can vary by application. In this technical note, we present a framework for preparing Sentinel-1 SAR backscatter Analysis-Ready-Data in the Google Earth Engine that combines existing and new Google Earth Engine implementations for additional border noise correction, speckle filtering and radiometric terrain normalization. The proposed framework can be used to generate Sentinel-1 Analysis-Ready-Data suitable for a wide range of land and inland water applications. The Analysis Ready Data preparation framework is implemented in the Google Earth Engine JavaScript and Python APIs.

Keywords: Sentinel-1; analysis ready data; Google earth engine; preprocessing; speckle filter