The rise of the online shopping markets and international trade, has shaped a new man-made object in the Dutch landscape. The appearance of the XXL-distribution center is a building, which is larger, higher and above all covers a larger surface, in comparison with the regular distribution center. Buildings are being placed around the cities, the highways and in the landscape. The lack of policies from the central government regarding the positioning of XXL-distribution, is worrying experts and residents. This thesis addresses the development from a landscape architecture perspective, with the following main design question: What would be the most optimal integration for XXL-distribution in the Dutch cultural landscape between Rotterdam and Venlo?
The main purpose of this thesis is to explore the combination of logistics positioning criteria and landscape integration concepts. To find a suitable landscape for the positioning of XXL-distribution on a regional scale, different models where tested. The outcome of this study showed that sand- and peat landscapes are most suitable for the implementation for XXL-distribution, because of their existing vegetation in the shape of tree lines and forests. Open sea clay landscapes are more vulnerable for horizon pollution and are therefore less suitable, because of their openness.
To reduce the footprint of XXL-distribution, a more efficient logistic model is developed based on the high bay warehouse. High bay warehouses have the ability to reduce the footprint of the regular distribution centers with 50 to 60 percent, but are exceeding a height of 45 meters. With a compact way of building, more space can be reserved for the integration of the buildings. In the final phase of the thesis a prototype is designed, for the sand landscape nearby Tilburg. By intertwining the landscape with the XXL-distribution a spectacular landscape is created with leisure, work and nature.