Synchronized broadcast spawning by six invertebrates (Echinodermata and Mollusca) in the north-western Red Sea

Webb, Alice E.; Engelen, Aschwin H.; Bouwmeester, Jessica; Dijk, Inge van; Geerken, Esmee; Lattaud, Julie; Engelen, Dario; Bakker, Bernadette S. de; Bakker, Didier M. de


On the evenings of June 11 and 12, 2019, 5 and 6 days before full moon, broadcast spawning by four echinoderm species and two mollusc species was observed on the Marsa Shagra reef, Egypt (25° 14′ 44.2" N, 34° 47′ 49.0" E). Water temperature was 28 °C and the invertebrates were observed at 2–8 m depth. The sightings included a single basket star Astroboa nuda (Lyman 1874), 2 large Tectus dentatus (Forskal 1775) sea snails, 14 individuals of the Leiaster cf. leachi (Gray 1840) sea star and 1 Mithrodia clavigera (Lamarck 1816) sea star, 3 Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper 1868) sea cucumbers, and 2 giant clams, Tridacna maxima (Röding 1798). The observations presented here provide relevant information on broadcast spawning of non-coral invertebrate taxa in the Red Sea, where spawning is considerably less well documented than in other tropical geographical regions such as the Indo-Pacific and Caribbean.