Development and evaluation of a genome-wide Coffee 8.5K SNP array and its application for high-density genetic mapping and for investigating the origin of Coffea arabica L.

Merot-L'anthoene, Virginie; Tournebize, Rémi; Darracq, Olivier; Rattina, Vimel; Lepelley, Maud; Bellanger, Laurence; Tranchant-Dubreuil, Christine; Coulée, Manon; Pégard, Marie; Metairon, Sylviane; Fournier, Coralie; Stoffelen, Piet; Janssens, Steven B.; Kiwuka, Catherine; Musoli, Pascal; Sumirat, Ucu; Legnaté, Hyacinthe; Kambale, Jean Léon; Ferreira da Costa Neto, João; Revel, Clara; Kochko, Alexandre de; Descombes, Patrick; Crouzillat, Dominique; Poncet, Valérie


Coffee species such as Coffea canephora P. (Robusta) and C. arabica L. (Arabica) are important cash crops in tropical regions around the world. C. arabica is an allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 44) originating from a hybridization event of the two diploid species C. canephora and C. eugenioides (2n = 2x = 22). Interestingly, these progenitor species harbour a greater level of genetic variability and are an important source of genes to broaden the narrow Arabica genetic base. Here, we describe the development, evaluation and use of a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array for coffee trees. A total of 8580 unique and informative SNPs were selected from C. canephora and C. arabica sequencing data, with 40% of the SNP located in annotated genes. In particular, this array contains 227 markers associated to 149 genes and traits of agronomic importance. Among these, 7065 SNPs (~82.3%) were scorable and evenly distributed over the genome with a mean distance of 54.4 Kb between markers. With this array, we improved the Robusta high-density genetic map by adding 1307 SNP markers, whereas 945 SNPs were found segregating in the Arabica mapping progeny. A panel of C. canephora accessions was successfully discriminated and over 70% of the SNP markers were transferable across the three species. Furthermore, the canephora-derived subgenome of C. arabica was shown to be more closely related to C. canephora accessions from northern Uganda than to other current populations. These validated SNP markers and high-density genetic maps will be useful to molecular genetics and for innovative approaches in coffee breeding.