Ground beetle dispersal: how to bridge the scales?

Allema, A.B.; Rossing, W.A.H.; Werf, W. van der; Volker, D.; Marsan, D.; Steingröver, E.G.; Lenteren, J.C. van


Beneficial arthropods that provide biological control of aphids or weed seeds use a variety of habitats in agricultural landscapes. Information on the movement behaviour of these arthropods between these habitats is needed to develop conservation strategies that sustain pest suppression in agricultural landscapes. Models for movement behaviour may help to understand and explore biocontrol functions. As measurements of behaviour at the landscape scale are technically difficult to make, measurements are often made at smaller scales. It is then necessary to upscale to larger scales, using movement models. Here we present a case study on such upscaling. The first results indicate that upscaling from small scales to large scales, using a correlated random movement model, may result in errors. An alternative approach, to be tested in further work, is to fit the movement model directly to the large scale data