Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor negatively regulates early IL-10-mediated responses

Wilbers, Ruud H.P.; Westerhof, Lotte B.; Raaij, Debbie R. Van; Bakker, Jaap; Smant, Geert; Schots, Arjen


Aim: Treatment of inflammatory disorders relies on the intervention in immune responses thereby restoring homeostasis. IL-10 is a cytokine with therapeutic potential, but until now has not been as successful as previously anticipated. A reason for this may be that IL-10 responsiveness depends on the environment of the inflamed tissue. In this study we investigated whether GM-CSF is able to influence IL-10-mediated responses. Methodology: Dendritic cells and macrophages were differentiated from mouse bone marrow and treated or depleted from GM-CSF prior to analyze their response to IL-10. Activity was assessed by measuring cytokine expression upon lipopolysaccharide stimulation, IL-10-induced signaling and downstream gene expression. Conclusion: This study describes that GM-CSF negatively regulates IL-10-mediated responses.