Land Use Policy Optimisation in Vietnam

Land plays crucial roles in climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and development. There is potential for one policy or program connected to land to enhance other land-related policies or programs on the one hand, or to hamper their success on the other. REDD+, climate smart agriculture, rural employment, and rural-to-urban migration are four such interconnected policies and programs.

Climate change, international trade, and food prices also have impacts on success of these policies and programs. Providing information and assessment tools to analyse the impact of policies and programs that address land in the context of climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, and development is an essential step in designing climate compatible development strategies.

With regard to land use in Vietnam the linkage of the regional with the global level is crucial. After accession to the WTO beginning 2007, Vietnam’s economy has become increasingly integrated with the world economy as a part of globalization. As Vietnam is becoming a more open economy, policies outside the country such as biofuel policies in EU and USA will influence local land use patterns. Global integration has also contributed to rapid economic growth (estimated 6.7 percent in 2010), resulting in accelerated demand for food, feed, fibre and fuel and competing demands for land and water resources. Finally, Vietnam is expected to belong to the most severely affected countries worldwide by climate change impacts.

In order to formulate adequate policies that optimize land use in Vietnam more insight is required on the interaction between global economic developments, climate change and the competing demands for land in Vietnam. There is a need to bring together decision makers, scientists and other stakeholders to exchange information on economic and spatial databases and models, discuss research results and develop land management strategies.

Objectives of the project

The aim of the “Land Use Policy Optimisation in Vietnam” project is to support Vietnam’s implementation of programs and policies on, inter alia, REDD+, climate smart agriculture, and rural development and employment by enhancing multiple-objective land use planning capacity. This will be achieved by building a “knowledge infrastructure platform” that provides:

  • The space to bring together policymakers, researchers, NGOs, donors and other stakeholders to define objectives for land use in Vietnam.
  • The infrastructure (i.e. the data, scenarios, models, and tools) to enable the development of optimized land policies. Global economic and biophysical models will be combined with detailed Vietnamese land use models and databases that enables policymakers and other stakeholders to visualize the outcomes of various long-term scenarios with a focus on land use change in Vietnam.