A next generation meat analogues based on plant proteins, that is the aim of the Public Private Partnership Plant Meat Matters coordinated by Wageningen Food & Biobased Research and Wageningen University.
The high and increasing consumption of products from animal origin is one of the key factors causing current routes for food production to be insufficiently efficient to feed the growing, and more affluent world population. Meat production is inefficient with respect to the use of land, water and raw materials. In addition, there is an increasing resistance against the meat industry in the Western World on for example animal welfare grounds.
Plant-based analogues for meat
Nutritionally, proteins from plants such as peas or soy would be excellent protein sources, but many consumers prefer meat. The fact that meat is a product that is fibrous on various length scales including the nanometre scale, is for a major part responsible for this: the flavour components are only gradually released upon chewing, giving a good taste experience during the complete duration of mastication. A route to reduce the consumption of those products is the development of plant-based analogues for meat or meat-like products. Consumer sciences indicated that products that resemble the original will most likely have the highest chance of success to be picked up by the broadest range of consumer groups. Before the start of the project, Wageningen University and the Technical University of Delft jointly developed a novel technology for the production of fibrous, plant-based materials on nano to meso scale, resembling the structure and bite of meat better than commercial products that are currently available to consumers. This fibrous material could therefore form the basis of a next generation meat analogues.
Next generation meat analogues
This project will build the required scientific basis to understand the structuring process while including flavour components, fat and other ingredients. Together with partners that span the entire vegetable protein chain, this basis will be used in this project to further developing shear cell technology for making the next generation consumer accepted meat analogues products with improved characteristics that can be produced more cost-effectively and will have reduced environmental impact compared to meat analogue products currently on the market.
The project is co-financed by the Top Consortium for Knowledge and Innovation ‘Agri & Food’ by the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality. The project is registered under contract number TKI-AF-16011.
Aqueous fractionation processes of soy protein for fibrous structure formationInnovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies 45 (2018). - ISSN 1466-8564 - p. 313 - 319.
Conference on Science and Technology for Meat Analogues
Creation of fibrous plant protein foodsWageningen University. Promotor(en): A.J. van der Goot; R.M. Boom. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463433198 - p.
De grootste voedselrevolutieDe grootste voedselrevolutie, HUMO, 2019-03-15, Marc van Springel
Effect of calcium hydroxide and fractionation process on the functional properties of soy protein concentrateInnovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies 66 (2020). - ISSN 1466-8564
Effect of mechanical interaction on the hydration of mixed soy protein and gluten gelsCurrent Research in Food Science 3 (2020). - ISSN 2665-9271 - p. 134 - 145.
Effect of pH and ionic strength on the water holding capacity of model meat analogues
Effect of sterilization and storage on a model meat analogue pet foodAnimal Feed Science and Technology 271 (2021). - ISSN 0377-8401
Enhancing the water holding capacity of model meat analogues through marinade compositionJournal of Food Engineering 290 (2021). - ISSN 0260-8774
Feeding the 11 billion: the small Dutch town ending our food crisisVleesvervangers veroveren de supermarkt, maar op goede nepbiefstuk is het wachten, RTLZ, 2019-08-22, Marini Witlox, https://www.rtlz.nl/life/lifestyle/artikel/4822471/vega-beyond-meat-supermarkten-hoogleraar-nepplees-plantaardig;Feeding the 11 billion: the small Dutch town ending our food crisis, Wired, 2019-08-20, Sami Emory, https://www.wired.co.uk/article/future-of-food-innovation-technology