Sustainable proteins can replace latex in carpet coatings up to twenty per cent. This was the conclusion of a study by Wageningen Food & Biobased Research and EOC Belgium NV.
In the transition to a circular economy, more and more companies are looking for sustainable alternatives to components made from raw fossil materials. One such company is EOC Belgium NV, which manufactures products such as compounds for the carpet industry. Together with Wageningen Food & Biobased Research, EOC studied the properties of specific proteins and how they could be adapted to make them suitable for carpet coating applications. The goal of the joint project between EOC and Wageningen Food & Biobased Research was to show that latex in carpet coatings, currently made from petroleum, can be partially replaced by protein fragments. This goal was achieved: the research proved that up to 20 per cent can be replaced.
Adhesive strength and bonding
During the project Wageningen Food & Biobased Research focused on the chemical conversion process of the protein fragments in relation to the desired behaviour (adhesive strength and bonding) of the coating. The study used food-grade proteins to determine the proof of principle, but the eventual goal is to work with proteins from residual streams such as grass and leaves.
Reducing production process costs
"Protein fragments were shown to have considerable potential as raw material for compounds produced by EOC," says Dirk Hoorne from the Belgian company. "EOC is specifically seeking ways of using biobased raw materials such as proteins and other sustainable streams. But we are realistic: the production process must become much cheaper to enable an economically viable business case."
The project used relatively expensive food-grade proteins. Taking the next sustainable step will require proof that the same results can also be achieved with proteins from residual streams.
"We enjoy working with Wageningen Food & Biobased Research," says Dirk Hoorne of EOC. "They combine in-depth academic knowledge of substances such as proteins and ways to adapt their properties to application requirements with an understanding of the economic reality. Our strength lies in having the expertise to formulate compounds for industrial applications. The combination of these assets has resulted in a very successful partnership in which we speak the same language and can easily make the required decisions."
Methaform is an example of a project in which the two partners have achieved joint success. It focused on the further development of itaconic acid and methacrylic acid as building blocks for high-quality materials such as coatings, textile and glass.