Climate change presents immense environmental challenges. We need to reduce the effects of increased flooding and drought, we need to have enough food for the world's population, and we need to maintain biodiversity. By making use of and working with – rather than against – long-term natural processes in the landscape we can devise sustainable and resilient solutions to these problems. Adapting to climate change in this way also creates added economic value, and contributes to improving biodiversity and human well-being. Nature-based climate adaptation is much more than single solutions to single problems.