MARECLIM - Indo-European research facilities for studies on marine ecosystem and climate in India

Almost half of the world's population live in areas affected by the Asian summer monsoon, and even slight deviations from the normal monsoon pattern can have great impact on agricultural production, water availability and hydroelectric power generation to name a few. The Asian monsoon influences the currents in the North Indian Ocean while the atmosphere’s anticyclonic circulation influences the circulation in the South Indian Ocean.

A very large proportion of the coastal communities in India are totally or partially dependent on the coastal zone activities for their livelihood. The activities include fishing, farming and related occupations.

The particular oceanographic conditions of the Indian Ocean, due to the seasonal and inter‐annual monsoon variations, contribute to emphasize the linkage between the physical and biological ocean variations.