The demand for poultry husbandry systems that are potentially better for chicken welfare may conflict with the demand for systems with low public health risks. Insight into stakeholder views may provide input to adapt husbandry systems in such a way that they may count on societal support. We showed that citizens prefer outdoor systems for keeping laying hen chickens, while poultry farmers and poultry veterinarians prefer indoor systems. Compared to poultry farmers and veterinarians, citizens view hen welfare in outdoor systems as better and public health risk in outdoor systems as lower. Citizens judge the dilemma of improving chicken welfare or reducing public health risks more often in favour of chicken welfare than professionals do. Reasons for these different views are differences in moral conviction related to chickens, differences in weighing up moral values, being involved in poultry farming or not, affect and intuitions, knowledge and experiences related to poultry farming, and socio-demographic characteristics. Results of a farm visit with citizens showed that concerns related to public health and hen welfare could be addressed in a husbandry system with al large covered free-range area.