PhD defence

Energy and labour use on farms: case studies from the Netherlands and China

PhD candidate T (Tian) Yu
Promotor prof.dr.ir. JD (Jandouwe) van der Ploeg
Organisation Wageningen University, Wageningen School of Social Sciences (WASS), Rural Sociology
Date

Wed 20 November 2019 16:00 to 17:30

Venue Auditorium, building number 362
Generaal Foulkesweg 1
362
6703 BG Wageningen
0317-483592

Summary

The thesis is to explore the balance of fossil energy and labour input at farm level by comparing conventional and organic farming systems, and to explore the possibility to optimise sustainability of resource use in agricultural production. With the case studies from the Netherlands and China, it concludes that the so-called industrial agriculture – which consumes much more energy – is not the only nor the best trajectory for agricultural development. Moreover, organic agriculture with peasant qualities shows better potential in applying organic principles to optimise the sustainability of an organic farm, and organic peasant agriculture, or agroecology in practice, is valuable in the transition to sustainable food production.