The United Nations is being challenged from all sides. This complicates how it gets all States to respect and comply with their international obligations. What options does the UN have to address this in the future?
The United Nations recently marked its 70th anniversary. Reason for a party? Or perhaps a commemoration? Seventy years later the UN is under pressure. In parts II and III of this series we continue to explore the tensions underlying what could appear to be the erosion of the next best thing to world government.
At the United Nations Conference in 1945, the world community demonstrated a common desire to eradicate war, poverty, inhuman treatment, and to halt the exploitation of peoples. These noble ambitions were institutionalised with the adoption of the United Nations Charter, and the creation of the UN Organization. Seven decades later, with the ‘rules of the game’ in hand and an institution to execute them, dynamics at play on the world stage would seem to challenge the United Nations’ ability to get all States to respect and comply with their international obligations. How can the UN best move forward? Should it be ‘dangling a carrot’ and if so which, or should it be focussing on ‘the stick’ such as sanctions? Join dr. Otto Spijkers (Utrecht University) to explore the resilience of the UN and what evolving towards a “value community” could mean for its future.
About Otto Spijkers
Otto Spijkers is Lecturer of Public International Law at Utrecht University, and researcher at the Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law. His doctoral dissertation, entitled The United Nations, the Evolution of Global Values and International Law, was published with Intersentia in 2011. He worked as public services coordinator at the Peace Palace Library, and as international consultant and coordinator for the United Nations International Law Fellowship Programme. He is a member of the Committee on the Role of International Law in Sustainable Development of the International Law Association. He was a visiting lecturer at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies of Leiden University, Xiamen University’s China International Water Law Programme (China), the China Institute for Boundary and Ocean Studies of Wuhan University (China), the Law School of the East China University of Political Science and Law (ECUPL) in Shanghai (China), the Università degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), and the Association pour la promotion des droits de l'homme en Afrique centrale (APDHAC) of the Université Catholique d’Afrique Centrale (Yaoundé, Cameroon). Otto Spijkers studied international relations at the University of Sussex and international law at the University of Amsterdam, New York University School of Law (exchange student), and the Hague Academy of International Law (2009 session). He studied philosophy at the University of Amsterdam and the University of Malta (exchange). He obtained a Diplôme approfondi de langue française.