PhD defence

Achieving Low Emission Development: Anticipating Alignment between Global Strategies and Local Realities in the Tanzanian Dairy

PhD candidate Esther EM (Esther) Kihoro
Promotor SR (Sietze) Vellema
External copromotor Dr T.A. Crane
Principal Scientist, Sustainable Livestock Systems (ILRI)
International Livestock Research Institute
Nairobi, Kenya

Dr G.C. Schoneveld
Senior Scientist, Value Chain, Finance & Investments
Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Nairobi, Kenya
Organisation Wageningen University, Wageningen School of Social Sciences (WASS)

Wed 7 December 2022 11:00 to 12:30

Venue Omnia
Room Groot Auditorium


How can global policies on low emission development (LED) align with local realities? This thesis investigates this issue using the dairy sector in Tanzania as a case study. Global emission reduction strategies often follow a technocentric view of intensification to reduce emission intensities and commercialization. However, emission reduction is not, the primary goal for farmers. The technocentric approaches on LED are often implemented using a “one-size-fits-all” approach, failing to recognize how farmer heterogeneity affects the uptake of new practices, the unequal distribution of intensification benefits and how distinct socio-institutional systems result in different types of market rules that create various typologies of economic organization with potentially different outcomes on LED. This thesis employs a multi-level approach to analyse the socio-economic, and institutional aspects that shape the alignment. In doing so this research demonstrates the need to; situate LED strategies within socio-institutional contexts and allow plural implementation pathways, establish local innovations that work and understand that agency is grounded in performance.