Campylobacteriosis is the primary zoonosis in Europe. It causes over 1.6 million cases of illness and 76 million euro costs a year in the Netherlands. Campylobacter is often found in environmental sources like surface water, indicating recent contamination with probably animal fecal material. Poultry and wild birds are possible suspects, but campylobacter’s environmental routes are still largely unexplored. By depicting the epidemiology of non-foodborne campylobacteriosis, Wageningen and colleague-institutes will contribute to the development of more holistic control strategies, to prevent Campylobacter dissemination into the environment.