Case study II applies a landscape-based approach to examine and act upon nature-based solutions with the aim to address the mismatch between (waste) water demand and supply.
The research activities take place in two different geographical areas (i.e. the Netherlands and Ghana) where food systems face different challenges and specific climate risks.
In both areas we consider (a) opportunities and constraints that stakeholders may perceive; (b) future technological development in both cropping and waste water treatment and (c) the benefits for nature.
In general terms we aim to address the following research questions:
- What are the underpinning mechanisms of (a set of) nature-based solutions that aim to address the mismatch between (waste) water demand and supply, and how do they function?
- To what extent do/can nature-based solutions contribute to food security, circularity and climate resilience?
- What are the fostering and hampering factors for implementing and scaling nature-based solutions within specific spatial contexts?
- What are essential processes, data, information and (visualization) tools for supporting multi- stakeholders in a food system to jointly explore promising nature-based solutions and appropriate locations at landscape level?