MSc colloquium by Rio Alfajri entitled ‘The Role of Incentives to Participate, Leadership, Ground Rules and Participation Inclusiveness'

Published on
March 9, 2020

You are hereby cordially invited to the MSc thesis presentation by Rio Alfajri entitled ‘The Role of Incentives to Participate, Leadership, Ground Rules and Participation Inclusiveness in the Collaborative Process of Tim Optimasi dan Sinkronisasi (TOS), West Java, Indonesia’.

Supervisor: Art Dewulf
Examinor: Katrien Termeer
Date: 18 March 2020
Time: 16-17.00 hours
Location: room 2047, Leeuwenborch, Wageningen


New forms of governance have arisen to provide alternatives to the state-centred management in steering society in Indonesia. The forms such as Collaborative Governance start to be used for solving the problem. West Java province comes with an innovation creating Tim Optimasi dan Sinkronisasi (TOS). The objective of this research is to identify the implications of the starting conditions, leadership style, and inclusiveness of the forum to the collaboration outcomes in TOS West Java. Understanding these factors can help in promoting collaborative governance arrangements in other regions in Indonesia. In this research, the collaborative framework from Ansell and Gash (2008) was used as a starting point to analyze the incentives of collaboration, leadership styles, and ground rules in TOS. Data was collected through selecting six case studies in religious and pesantren, social, rural and community development, environmental and disaster management, communication and information technology, and women empowerment and child protection working groups. Obtaining the data is done by interview stakeholders and policy-document analysis. The results show that incentives to participate, leadership styles, and feelings of inclusiveness influence the collaborative results and influence each other in impacting the collaborative outcomes quality in TOS. However, it cannot be concluded that one factor is more influential than the other in impacting the working groups' collaboration outcomes. Incentives to participate are associated with the starting conditions and power play between stakeholders. Then, the groups with low incentives are more likely to succeed if there is a strong leader who earned respect and trust from the stakeholders and shows equal interest to all stakeholders. Furthermore, the groups which provides inclusivity tends to have members who perceive that they have a legitimate opportunity to participate.


Keywords: Collaborative Governance, Incentives, Leadership Styles, Inclusiveness, West Java