The Dutch nature and rural is decentralizing increasingly. This decentralization, however, comes with a certain duality: on one hand the government contributes money and powers to provinces, municipalities and regional area coalitions and thereby create regional governance processes.
Secondly, the government strengthened its grip on the nature and rural practice by a greater emphasis on accountability, monitoring and management contracts with very specific performance indicators.
More space for local authorities goes hand in hand with detailed expectations that the government has expressed about the outcome or output of regional planning processes for nature and rural development. We call this the paradox of decentralization.The main objectives of this project are:
(1) contribute to knowledge about new connections between the national government and regional partnerships
(2) to visualize the effects of decentralization paradox for realization of nature and rural policy
(3) to contribute to possible evaluations of policy in the context of decentralization and regional partnerships
The result of this project is to further reveal the tension between customization regional and national accountability (decentralization paradox) for the role of central government and regional cooperation.
Moreover, the project proposed a method of evaluation on the success of nature and rural policy not only metering to pre-formulated policy goals, but also for example the creation of regional, "long lasting" partnership in which various parties are capable in the longer term sustainable way to protect nature and rural development.
Such an approach sees regional field parties not only as performers of nature and rural policy as well as shared responsibility and joint accountability.