Regime shifts in production versus diversification

All over the world, governments are struggling with decentralizing the responsibility of conserving the environment and biodiversity.

On the one hand there is a growing belief that local bottom-up processes are better at fitting solutions for sustainable land-use change and lead to stronger commitment in the local community. On the other hand there is concern whether and how local communities take into consideration cohesive structures at wider spatial scale, for example ecosystem networks for biodiversity.

In this project we explore regime shifts and tipping points in land-use systems. These systems combine conventional food production with the provision of other ecosystem services. Our aim is to improve understanding how (multifunctional) land use - based on ecosystem services - can be maintained by self-governance. We investigate how such multifunctional land use systems can be provoked by governmental incentives and how they are affected by external factors such as world market prices. Insights will be interpreted in terms of resilience of the local socio-ecological system.