Food-based dietary guidelines in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is the second populated country in Africa suffering from different forms of malnutrition and diet-related diseases: acute and chronic undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, obesity and diet-related diseases (including type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer).

Globalization, urbanization, population growth, and changes in lifestyle have influence in the food system and a shift in dietary habits in Ethiopia. These changes highlight the need for consistent, simple and practical dietary guidance to enable populations to select healthy diets, prevent diet related disease and malnutrition. In addition, having a dietary guideline will support the country food system actors to set a clear goal towards availability, affordability and accessibility of healthy diet to all population.