Outbreak of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus in Portugal, 2015

Mesquita, J.R.; Hakze-van der Honing, R.; Almeida, A.; Lourenço, M.; van der Poel, W.H.M.; Nascimento, M.S.J.


An outbreak of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in the South of Portugal in January 2015 and the spread of PEDV northwards in the territory are described. Comparative analysis of the amplified sequences showed a very high (99.0%) identity with the PEDV variant most recently reported in the United States and also show complete (100%) identity to the strains recently reported in Germany, supporting the hypothesis that a unique strain is currently circulating in Europe. The origin of this PEDV variant still needs to be elucidated and further studies in the remaining European countries may contribute to the knowledge.