Diversity of Microbial Communities, PAHs, and Metals in Road and Leaf Dust of Functional Zones of Moscow and Murmansk
Vetrova, Anna A.; Sazonova, Olesya I.; Ivanova, Anastasia A.; Streletskii, Rostislav A.; Sarzhanov, Dmitriy A.; Korneykova, Maria V.; Novikov, Andrey I.; Vasenev, Viacheslav I.; Ivashchenko, Kristina V.; Slukovskaya, Marina V.; Gavrichkova, Olga
The impact of geographical factors, functional zoning, and biotope type on the diversity of microbial communities and chemical components in the dust of urban ecosystems was studied. Comprehensive analyses of bacterial and fungal communities, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and metals in road and leaf dust in three urban zones of Murmansk and Moscow with contrasting anthropogenic load were conducted. We found that the structure of bacterial communities affected the functional zoning of the city, biotope type, and geographical components. Fungal communities were instead impacted only by biotope type. Our findings revealed that the structure of fungal communities was mostly impacted by PAHs whereas bacterial communities were sensitive to metals. Bacteria of the genus Sphingomonas in road and leaf dust as indicators of the ecological state of the urban ecosystems were proposed.