A major research item for the coming years is assessing the anisotropic reflectance behaviour of vegetation and soils, as described by the bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF). Information on the BRDF of targets is relevant for normalizing images taken under different illumination and/or viewing conditions, but on the other hand multi-angular observations also provide additional information that can be used to improve the accuracy of retrieved products. To support on-going research in this field, we realized a laboratory measurement facility to assess the anisotropic reflectance behaviour of soils, leaves and small canopies under controlled illumination conditions.
A commercially available robotic arm enables the acquisition of a large number of measurements over the full hemisphere within a short time span making it much faster than other goniometers. In addition, the presented set-up enables assessment of anisotropic reflectance and emittance behaviour of soils, leaves and small canopies. Mounting a spectrometer enables acquisition of either hemispherical measurements or measurements in the horizontal plane. Mounting a thermal camera allows directional observations of the thermal emittance. A detailed description of the system can be found in Roosjen et al. (2012).
- Kawasaki FS10E industrial robot
- 1000 W Quartz Tungsten Halogen lamp
- ASD Fieldspec 3
- NEC TH9100 Thermal Imager
- Custom built software for robot control and synchronized measurements
Research within the Laboratory of Geo-Information Science and Remote Sensing is focused on:
- Assess the anisotropic reflectance behaviour of soil, leaves and small canopies and create a BRDF database
- To retrieve canopy biophysical and biochemical parameters including BRDF information
- Translate the BRDF-based methods to airborne and spaceborn scale levels
- Plant Research International, WUR, Wageningen
- University of Zurich, Department of Geography, Zurich
- University of Twente, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Enschede
Effects of soil moisture content on reflectance anisotropy - Laboratory goniometer measurements and RPV model inversionsRemote Sensing of Environment 170 (2015). - ISSN 0034-4257 - p. 229 - 238.
Investigating BRDF effects based on optical multi-angular laboratory and hyperspectral UAV measurementsIn: Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, FTS 2015. - : OSA - The Optical Society - ISBN 9781557528148
Measuring and modeling the effect of surface moisture on the spectral reflectance of coastal beach sandPLoS ONE 9 (2014)11. - ISSN 1932-6203 - 9 p.
A laboratory goniometer system for measuring reflectance and emittance anisotropySensors 12 (2012)12. - ISSN 1424-8220 - p. 17358 - 17371.