The plant-parasitic nematode genus Tylenchorhynchus Cobb, 1913 includes at present more then 130 nominal species (sensu Geraert, 2011). While identification towards species level is difficult, as a genus it is easy to recognize. The body is about 1 mm or less in length, cleary annulated, with a lateral field with four incisures.
The cephalic region can be offset from body or continuous and annulated or smooth. The stylet is well developed and 15 to 25 micrometer in length, stylet knobs are prominent. The median bulb is rounded to oval in shape, the basal bulb is offset from the intestine, rarely a small overlap is present. The vulva can be found at mid-body, with paired outstreched ovaries. Female tail conoid to cylindroid in shape with a blunt smooth or annulated tail tip. Males are usually present in most species. This genus occurs world-wide and feeds ecto-parasitic on many plant species.
More pictures of Tylenchorhynchus maximus:
(Click on the pictures for an enlargement, ©Wageningen University & Research, Laboratory of Nematology/Pictures: Hanny van Megen)