In order to protect biodiversity, policy makers increasingly require demonstration of its value. BESAFE will use case studies to investigate how much importance people attribute to alternative arguments for the protection of biodiversity and in particular how this relates to ecosystem services. It will focus on the arguments used by policy makers at different governance levels and in different ecological, socio-economic, spatial and temporal contexts. BESAFE will examine the interactions of environmental protection policies between governance scales. This will lead to an assessment of the transferability of arguments across scales.

BESAFE will consider the contribution that valuing ecosystem services can make in demonstrating the value of biodiversity. The results will be used to produce a framework that will give guidance on the effectiveness of alternative arguments and protection strategies in various contexts. The framework will be made accessible through a web-based public access database with associated toolkit. To ensure practical usability, the toolkit and database interface will be developed in cooperation with stakeholders.


BESAFE will undertake a number of case studies covering three governance scales (global/European, national/regional, and local and their interactions). BESAFE will sample the ecological, societal and economic differences, including different ecosystems. BESAFE will involve case studies with appropriate coverage of geographical regions and ecosystems and covering different time scales. A wide range of stakeholder groups will be involved and different issues areas related to biodiversity protection.

BESAFE will increase comprehension on the dependency of the effectiveness of arguments on:

  • The perception of the policy makers and stakeholders addressed (who)
  • The policy implementation phase (when), and
  • Communication and participation (how).

BESAFE will offer a framework and a toolbox that can be used to guide the development of tailored policies that take multi-scale effects and integration into account, through the whole policy cycle. It will offer insight on the changing effectiveness of different types of arguments along the development trajectory and, therefore, increase the effectiveness of the use of arguments for protection. BESAFE will offer an overview of the potential effectiveness and possibilities of ecosystem services at different spatial and time scales.

Outputs forseen for 2015:

  • Deliverable 5.2: Synthesis report on the revised and tested framework, toolkit and policy brief
  • Deliverable 5.3: Open access database and toolkit
  • Joint BIOMOT-BESAFE Final Conference in June 2015
  • Newsletters, fact sheets and a policy brief