The paper of Wouter Hantson, Lammert Kooistra and Pieter Slim: Mapping invasive woody species in coastal dunes in the Netherlands: a remote sensing approach using LIDAR and high-resolution aerial photographs has been accepted for publication in Applied Vegetation Science
QuestionsDoes remote sensing improve classification of invasive woody species in dunes, useful for shrub management? Does additional height information and an object-based classifier increase woody species classification accuracy?
LocationThe dunes of Vlieland, one of the Wadden Sea Islands, the Netherlands.
MethodsExtensive monitoring using optical remote sensing and LIDAR deliver large amounts of high-quality data to observe and manage coastal dunes as a defence against the sea in the Netherlands. Using these additional data could increase the accuracy of vegetation mapping and monitoring in coastal areas. In this study, a remote sensing approach has been developed to deliver detailed and standardized maps of (invasive) woody species in the dunes of Vlieland using multispectral aerial photographs and vegetation height derived from LIDAR. Three classification methods were used: maximum likelihood (ML) classification using aerial photographs, ML classification combined with vegetation heights derived from LIDAR (ML+) and object-based (OB) classification.
ResultsThe use of vegetation height from the LIDAR data increased the overall classification accuracy from 39% to 50%, but particularly improved classification of the taller woody species. The object-based classification increased the overall accuracy of the ML+ from 50% to 60%. The object-based results are comparable to human visual analysis while offering automated analysis.
Overall, the object-based classification delivers detailed maps of the woody species that are useful for management and evaluation of alien and invasive species in dune ecosystems.More on this subject