Dealing with dilemmas - the role of trust in spatial planning
During the implementation of Natura 2000 in the Netherlands different problems related to public interests and nature objectives arose. Partly because the public was not involved. In England the public was more involved and problems were dealt in discussion with them.
In this thesis a way to study trust was developed and a comparison between these two countries was made. Because trust is hard to study it must be done through related concepts. Here the role of trust can be seen as the ongoing balancing of dilemmas of these concepts. To utilize trust in planning processes a certain flexibility within a common agreed frame is required, for instance through contracts. This gives a clear space for dealing with dilemmas. In fixed implementation approaches a lack of communication, ignoring power and acting reserved does not contribute to good cooperation and trust making dilemmas balanced negative. In contrary, a combination of clear formal and informal cooperation, realistic expectations, flexibility and the space to deal with uncertainties and risks and responding to initiatives does contribute to trust. In which, personal trust is harder to establish but stronger then professional trust. Here it is important to emphasize that dealing with dilemmas is personal and specific to every project.
Trust, Natura 2000, Wieden – Weerribben, Thanet Coast, Dilemma
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