CLENGOV: The politics of climate engineering governance. Speculative technologies to engineer the climate by enhancing the Earth's reflectivity or its capacity to absorb carbon dioxide are becoming increasingly pronounced in discussions on how to address the climate crisis. At the same time, their appearance on the scientific and political agenda raises concerns about the implications of considering still largely imaginary technologies as a part of climate policy. This project, funded by the Wageningen PostDoc talent programme, explores the interface between scientific expertise and policy making in the case of climate engineering. In particular, it studies how actors who are highly relevant to global mitigation efforts are integrating ideas about climate engineering into their anticipatory policies, and if this comes at the expense of emissions reductions.
TRANSGOV: Assessing the transformative potential of transparency in multilateral climate governance. Transparency is widely assumed to help promote accountability, enhance trust and improve environmental outcomes through greater information disclosure. Yet these assumptions are still unter-theorized and their realization in practice has not been systematically analyzed. This four year NWO funded project, led by Prof. Aarti Gupta, addresses these research gaps, with a focus on the voluntary climate commitments that states and non-state actors have made relating to the 2015 Paris Agreement. The project implements a multilevel empirical analysis of variable country engagement with the ever-expanding transparency arrangements in global climate governance, and the political effects of this engagement.