Effect of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnancy on Child Mental Development in Rural China

Chang, S.; Zeng, L.M.; Brouwer, I.D.; Kok, F.J.; Yan, H.


In humans, the brain growth spurt begins in the last trimester of pregnancy and extends through the first 2 years of life. Studies show poor cognitive and motor development among children who have iron deficiency anemia in infancy. Prenatal iron deficiency anemia in the third trimester affects child mental development. Prenatal micronutrient supplementation with sufficient iron protects child mental development even when the woman’s iron deficiency anemia is not properly corrected during pregnancy