Promotie

The spatiotemporal control of cell divisions in Physcomitrella development

Promovendus H (Han) Tang MSc
Promotor prof.dr.ir. BJG (Ben) Scheres
Joop dr.ir. JEM (Joop) Vermeer
Copromotor dr.ir. MJ (Tijs) Ketelaar
dr. VA (Viola) Willemsen
Organisatie Wageningen University, Laboratorium voor Moleculaire biologie
Datum

vr 24 januari 2020 13:30 tot 15:00

Locatie Aula, gebouwnummer 362
Generaal Foulkesweg 1
362
6703 BG Wageningen
0317-483592

Samenvatting (Engelstalig):

Cell division is fundamental in the development of all living organisms. In plants, cells are caged in rigid cell walls, thus plant cell shape is solely determined by cell expansion and the orientation of the cell division plane. Additionally, a newly divided cell can acquire a different cell fate through an asymmetric cell division, which is essential for tissue innovations. During my PhD, I used Physcomitrella patens, a model moss system with powerful genetic toolkits and single-cell-layer tissues, to investigate cell division control in plant development. I unraveled a unique protein that bridges the cytoskeletal network and membranous compartments to complete cell division. During moss development, I identified markers that can predict the fate of newly divided cells, providing a new tool to investigate moss growth transition. I further investigated the role of polarity proteins in this growth transition and the interplay of cell reprogramming and cell division control.